It is vain to trust in salvation by indulgence letters, even though the indulgence commissary, or even the pope, were to offer his soul as security. At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. This treasure tends to be hated because it makes “the first last”, [27] in the words of Matthew That indulgences are not temporal treasures is certainly clear, for many indulgence sellers do not distribute them freely but only gather them. Lawrence said that the poor of the church were the treasures of the church, but he spoke according to the usage of the word in his own time.

Martin Luther , professor of moral theology at the University of Wittenberg and town preacher, [2] wrote the Ninety-five Theses against the contemporary practice of the church with respect to indulgences. Christians are to be taught that the pope, in granting indulgences, needs and thus desires their devout prayer more than their money. Much more it is his intention to disgrace and excommunicate those who, under the pretext of indulgences, use contrivance to do damage to holy love and truth. The pope neither desires nor is able to remit any penalties except those imposed by his own authority or that of the canons. The Reformation The Protestant Reformation was the 16th-century religious, political, intellectual and cultural upheaval that splintered Catholic Europe, setting in place the structures and beliefs that would define the continent in the modern era. Luther lists several criticisms advanced by laypeople against indulgences in theses 81—


Outraged at what he considered grave theological error, Luther wrote the Ninety-five Theses.

Martin Luther’s 95 Theses

Martin Luther King, Rhesis. Peter, if he were now Pope, could show no greater mercies, is blasphemy against St. Yet is the Pope’s absolution and dispensation by no means to be contemned, since it is, as I have said, a declaration of the Divine Absolution.

For the graces of indulgences are concerned only with the penalties of sacramental satisfaction established by man.

For Luther, the true treasure of the church is the gospel of Jesus Christ. Injury is done to the Word of God when, in the same sermon, an equal or larger amount of time is devoted to indulgences than to the Word.

The first was against the fifty-eighth thesis, which stated that the pope could not use the treasury thdsis merit to forgive temporal punishment of sin. This event came to be considered the beginning of the Protestant Reformation.

Martin Luther 95 Theses: The Full Text

Jump to sections in the text Christians are to be taught that the pope, in granting indulgences, needs and thus desires their devout prayer more than their money. Lawrence called the poor of the community the treasures of the community and of the Church, but he understood the word according to the use in his time.

Luther lists several criticisms advanced by laypeople against indulgences in theses 81— Much more does he intend to thunder against those who use indulgences as a pretext to contrive harm to luthfrs love and truth. Luthers Theologie in ihrer historischen Entwicklung und in ihrem systematischen Zusammenhang [ Martin Luther’s Theology: Grabau Wilhelm Sihler F.


Karlstadt posted his theses at a time when the relics of the church were placed on display, and this may have been considered a provocative gesture. This treasure, however, is deservedly most hateful, for it makes the first to be last. Beware well of those who say, the Pope’s pardons are that inestimable gift of God by which man is reconciled to God. History at your fingertips.

In McKim, Donald K. But blessed be he who is on his guard against the preacher’s of pardons naughty and impudent words. Peter, to many luhhers those from whom certain hawkers of indulgences cajole money.

Hell, Purgatory, and Heaven seem to differ as perfect despair, imperfect despair, and security of salvation differ.

martin luthers 95th thesis

Luther does not condemn indulgences or the current doctrine regarding them, nor even the sermons which had been preached themselves, as he had not seen them firsthand. Any truly repentant Christian has a right to full remission of penalty and guilt, even without indulgence letters.

Christians are to be taught that luthwrs the pope knew the exactions of the thexis preachers, he would rather that the basilica of St. A truly repentant sinner would also not seek an indulgence, because they loved God’s righteousness and desired the inward punishment of their sin.

martin luthers 95th thesis

Help us matin this article! Another prominent opponent of the Theses was Johann EckLuther’s friend and a theologian at the University of Ingolstadt.

Ninety-five Theses

The dying pay all penalties by their death, are already dead to the canons, and rightly have exemption from them. Because love grows by works of love, man thereby becomes better. Christians should be taught, the buying of indulgences is optional and not commanded.


They also, according to Luther, discouraged Christians from giving to the poor and performing other acts of mercy, believing that indulgence certificates were more spiritually valuable.

The Historical Development of Prophetic Interpretation.