KIBERA CASE STUDY BBC

There is a wide gap in income between people living in the drought-prone north-eastern lowlands, the highlands to the south-west, the coastal strip and the slum dwellers in Nairobi. The government has provided materials such as bricks, cement and glass to enable residents to improve their own homes. The houses in these settlements have no basic amenities such as running water or toilets, so diseases like cholera and dysentery are common. The dam water is not clean and there have been reports of water-borne diseases. There are now tarred roads, mobile clinics and police stations made from shipping containers, working street lights and even free Wifi throughout the slum.

This causes diseases which spread rapidly. It is still a long way off but many hope the work done here means that one day, Kibera will no longer be synonymous with poverty and chaos and instead become just another Nairobi neighbourhood – one that its residents can proudly call home. Many sit idle the whole day, often getting themselves into trouble with the police and hooked on drugs and alcohol. The Developing Minds Foundation builds schools and supports education programmes in Rio’s favelas. Political instability, violent crime, harassment of tourists, over-commercialism of safari parks and environmental degradation have all discouraged many tourists from visiting the country.

Kenya’s Kibera slum gets a revamp

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kibera case study bbc

These areas are illegal and are not catered for by the Government, so there is no electricity, rubbish collection, schools or hospitals.

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Kenya is an example of a low income country LIC. While the shacks and lack of sewage are still a daily reality for many residents, new Kibera is fast taking shape. Previously, residents were using plastic bags which would then be thrown into the nearest river or even into the street. Rio is hemmed in by mountains, so during tropical storms landslides are common.

This often fosters a community spirit as many families work together to make the improvements. So far, 90 have been completed.

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Kenya was one of the first LICs to develop its tourist industry. The government has provided materials such as bricks, cement and glass to enable residents to improve their own homes. Local communities would remain intact and planning would involve ideas from the residents. The only formal structure here is a recently built toilet. In Rocinha, self-help schemes have improved the area from slums sttudy low quality housing where the majority of homes have basic services like electricity.

It has a population of over 46 million people.

This causes diseases which spread rapidly. There are now tarred roads, mobile clinics and police bbd made from shipping containers, working street lights and even free Wifi throughout the slum.

Brick houses are built with electricity, running water and sanitation pipes. Their aim is to improve the literacy rates of children so they can get a good job, improve their standard of living and have more life choices.

kibera case study bbc

There are not enough jobs to go around, so unemployment rates are high. The dam water is not clean and there have been reports of water-borne diseases.

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It is still a long way off but many hope the work done here means that one day, Kibera will no longer be synonymous with poverty and chaos and instead become just another Nairobi neighbourhood – one that its residents can proudly call home.

Some people have been granted legal ownership of the land on which their houses are built. Life expectancy is 62 years and infant mortality 36 per 1, This approach has lower costs than Vision Mumbai and is more sustainable. Dharavi lies between two railway lines on low-lying land, previously caes as a rubbish tip, and is one of the biggest squatter settlements in the world.

Street sellers are part of the informal or grey economy. There is a wide gap in income between people living in the drought-prone north-eastern lowlands, the highlands to the south-west, the coastal strip and the slum dwellers in Nairobi. On average, the population density is about 37, people per square kilometre.

Putting Kibera on the map. The video below explores life in the favela of Rocinha. The Indian government also wants to add basic services, more schools, health centres, kiberw, better roads and more jobs. It is a very diverse population with over 40 ethnic groups including the Kikuyu, Luo and Maasai. It operates as the commercial capital of Kiberaa, it is ztudy for manufacturing and finance and it is also the home of ‘Bollywood’ films.

We see about 10 people working to unblock one of the main sewerage pipes in preparation for proper drains.